MYSTERY WIRE — NASA and SpaceX are ready to launch. This will be the first SpaceX crewed mission. The launch window opens at 4:33 p.m. Wednesday, May 27. Riding on top of the Falcon 9 rocket in the Crew Dragon will be NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley.
Technically, these two astronauts will not be the first humans launched from American soil since the end of the space shuttle program. Virgin Galactic earned that title on December 13, 2018. It was a rocket-powered test flight of its VSS Unity space plane that took pilots Mark Stucky and C.J. Sturckow to an altitude of 51.4 miles. It took off from and landed at Mojave Air and Space Port in the Southern California desert.
Virgin Galactic did it again on February, 22, 2019. This is when pilots Dave Mackay and Mike Masucci, and Virgin Galactic’s chief astronaut instructor, Beth Moses, went 55.9 miles up.
Below, you can read what both NASA and SpaceX have written about the upcoming launch.
(NASA) — A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to the International Space Station as part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley will fly on SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft, lifting off on a Falcon 9 rocket at 4:33 p.m. EDT May 27, from Launch Complex 39A in Florida, for an extended stay at the space station for the Demo-2 mission. The specific duration of the mission is to be determined.
As the final flight test for SpaceX, this mission will validate the company’s crew transportation system, including the launch pad, rocket, spacecraft, and operational capabilities. This also will be the first time NASA astronauts will test the spacecraft systems in orbit.
Behnken and Hurley were among the first astronauts to begin working and training on SpaceX’s next-generation human space vehicle and were selected for their extensive test pilot and flight experience, including several missions on the space shuttle.
Behnken will be the joint operations commander for the mission, responsible for activities such as rendezvous, docking and undocking, as well as Demo-2 activities while the spacecraft is docked to the space station. He was selected as a NASA astronaut in 2000 and has completed two space shuttle flights. Behnken flew STS-123 in March 2008 and STS-130 in February 2010, and he performed three spacewalks during each mission. Born in St. Anne, Missouri, he has bachelor’s degrees in physics and mechanical engineering from Washington University and earned a master’s and doctorate in mechanical engineering from California Institute of Technology. Before joining NASA, Behnken was a flight test engineer with the U.S. Air Force.
Hurley will be the spacecraft commander for Demo-2, responsible for activities such as launch, landing and recovery. He was selected as an astronaut in 2000 and has completed two spaceflights. Hurley served as pilot and lead robotics operator for both STS‐127 in July 2009 and STS‐135, the final space shuttle mission, in July 2011. The New York native was born in Endicott but considers Apalachin his hometown. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering from Tulane University in Louisiana and graduated from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in Maryland. Before joining NASA, he was a fighter pilot and test pilot in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Lifting off from Launch Pad 39A atop a specially instrumented Falcon 9 rocket, Crew Dragon will accelerate its two passengers to approximately 17,000 mph and put it on an intercept course with the International Space Station. Once in orbit, the crew and SpaceX mission control will verify the spacecraft is performing as intended by testing the environmental control system, the displays and control system and the maneuvering thrusters, among other things. In about 24 hours, Crew Dragon will be in position to rendezvous and dock with the space station. The spacecraft is designed to do this autonomously but astronauts aboard the spacecraft and the station will be diligently monitoring approach and docking and can take control of the spacecraft if necessary.After successfully docking, Behnken and Hurley will be welcomed aboard station and will become members of the Expedition 63 crew. They will perform tests on Crew Dragon in addition to conducting research and other tasks with the space station crew.
Although the Crew Dragon being used for this flight test can stay in orbit about 110 days, the specific mission duration will be determined once on station based on the readiness of the next commercial crew launch. The operational Crew Dragon spacecraft will be capable of staying in orbit for at least 210 days as a NASA requirement.
Upon conclusion of the mission, Crew Dragon will autonomously undock with the two astronauts on board, depart the space station and re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere. Upon splashdown just off Florida’s Atlantic Coast, the crew will be picked up at sea by SpaceX’s Go Navigator recovery vessel and return to Cape Canaveral.
The Demo-2 mission will be the final major step before NASA’s Commercial Crew Program certifies Crew Dragon for operational, long-duration missions to the space station. This certification and regular operation of Crew Dragon will enable NASA to continue the important research and technology investigations taking place onboard the station, which benefits people on Earth and lays the groundwork for future exploration of the Moon and Mars starting with the agency’s Artemis program, which will land the first woman and the next man on the lunar surface in 2024.
(SpaceX) — SpaceX is targeting Wednesday, May 27 for Falcon 9’s launch of Crew Dragon’s second demonstration (Demo-2) mission from Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A) at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This test flight with NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley on board the Dragon spacecraft will return human spaceflight to the United States.
The instantaneous launch window opens at 4:33 p.m. EDT, or 20:33 UTC, with backup instantaneous launch opportunities available on Saturday, May 30 at 3:22 p.m. EDT, or 19:22 UTC, and on Sunday, May 31 at 3:00 p.m. EDT, or 19:00 UTC. Tune in here to watch the launch webcast. Coverage will begin about 4 hours before liftoff.
Demo-2 is the final major test for SpaceX’s human spaceflight system to be certified by NASA for operational crew missions to and from the International Space Station. SpaceX is returning human spaceflight to the United States with one of the safest, most advanced systems ever built, and NASA’s Commercial Crew Program is a turning point for America’s future in space exploration that lays the groundwork for future missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond.
COUNTDOWN (Source: spacex.com)
|– 45:00||SPACEX LAUNCH DIRECTOR VERIFIES GO FOR PROPELLANT LOAD|
|– 42:00||CREW ACCESS ARM RETRACTS|
|– 37:00||DRAGON’S LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM IS ARMED|
|– 35:00||RP-1 (ROCKET GRADE KEROSENE) LOADING BEGINS|
|– 35:00||1ST STAGE LOX (LIQUID OXYGEN) LOADING BEGINS|
|– 16:00||2ND STAGE LOX LOADING BEGINS|
|– 07:00||FALCON 9 BEGINS ENGINE CHILL PRIOR TO LAUNCH|
|– 05:00||DRAGON TRANSITIONS TO INTERNAL POWER|
|– 01:00||COMMAND FLIGHT TO BEGIN FINAL PRELAUNCH CHECKS|
|– 01:00||PROPELLANT TANK PRESSURIZATION TO FLIGHT PRESSURE BEGINS|
|– 00:45||SPACEX LAUNCH DIRECTOR VERIFIES GO FOR LAUNCH|
|– 00:03||ENGINE CONTROLLER COMMANDS ENGINE IGNITION SEQUENCE TO START|
|– 00:00||FALCON 9 LIFTOFF|